A Canadian family posing with the national flag - Canadian citizenship for foreign born citizens A Canadian family posing with the national flag - Canadian citizenship for foreign born citizens


A Comprehensive Guide to Acquiring Canadian Citizenship as a Foreign-Born Citizen


You may apply for Canadian citizenship if one of your parents, whether biological or legal, is a citizen but you were born outside of Canada. One of the two acceptable papers recognised by Passport Canada to show citizenship is a Canadian citizenship certificate, which can be obtained by applying for one.

You can vote in federal elections, obtain a Social Insurance Number (SIN), apply for a driver's licence, and carry one of the most prestigious passports in the world by becoming a citizen of Canada.

How to Know if I Am a Canadian Citizen

You are probably a Canadian citizen if you were born away from Canada between February 15, 1977, and April 17, 2009, and one of your parents was a citizen of Canada at the time of your birth. Additionally, your parents had to file a birth registration with the Canadian government. 

However, merely registering your birth overseas won't immediately earn you citizenship. To demonstrate your Canadian ancestry, you must apply for your citizenship certificate.

It's possible that you are a Canadian citizen if you were born outside of Canada before February 15, 1977, but sometimes things get complicated. This complexity is a result of the Citizenship Act's multiple changes since it was first passed in 1947.

How to Apply for a Canadian Citizenship

You need to obtain the application package from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada's (IRCC) website in order to file for a Canadian citizenship certificate. There is a 75 CAD application fee.

According to the IRCC, at least one of your parents, whether they are your legal or biological ones, must have been a citizen of Canada when you were born. Additionally, you need to prepare a few documents before applying. Along with the standard documentation, you must also present the following;

  • The birth certificate of your parents.
  • Proof that they are Canadian citizens.
  • Their Canadian citizenship card or certificate.

The IRCC website has a form that you can fill out online. You will get an "acknowledgement of receipt" from IRCC when they have received your application, and your file will then be examined and processed. Additionally, the IRCC may ask for more data or paperwork.


By requesting a Canadian citizenship certificate, those who were born outside of Canada can become citizens. One can take advantage of citizenship benefits like voting, access to healthcare, and a prestigious passport by supplying the necessary documentation and completing an application.


What is a certificate of Canadian citizenship?

A document from the Canadian government that attests to a person's citizenship is called a Canadian citizenship certificate. It is approved by Passport Canada and other agencies as proof of citizenship.

If my Canadian parent has passed away, am I still eligible to apply for my citizenship certificate?

Yes, even if your Canadian parent has passed away, you can still apply for a citizenship certificate. The existence or passing of your Canadian parent has no bearing on your eligibility.


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